General Bibliography

Bibliography Download (Word DOCX)
Bibliography Download (PDF)


Brodersen, Kai. “The Presentation of Geographical Knowledge for Travel and Transport in the Roman World: Itineraria non tantum adnotata sed etiam picta.” Pages 7–21 in Travel and Geography in the Roman Empire. Ed. Colin Adams and Ray Laurence. London/New York: Routledge, 2001.

Casson, Lionel. “One the Sea,” and “On the Road,” Pages 149–62, 176–96 in Travel in the Ancient World. 2nded. Baltimore/London: John Hopkins University Press, 1994.

Elsner, John. “Pausanias: A Greek Pilgrim in the Roman World.” Past & Present 135 (1992): 3–29.

Kolb, Anne. “Transport and communication in the Roman state: the cursus publicus.” Pages 95–106 in Travel and Geography in the Roman Empire. Ed. Colin Adams and Ray Laurence. London/New York: Routledge, 2001.

Muir, Steven. “Religion on the Road in Ancient Greece and Rome.” In Travel and Religion in Antiquity. Ed. Philip A. Harland. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2011.

Murphy, O’Connor, Jerome. “On the Road and on the Sea with St. Paul in the First Century,” BR 1 (1985): 38–47.

Rapske, Brian M. “Acts, Travel, and Shipwreck,” Pages 1–47 in The Book of Acts in its First Century Setting. Volume 2: Graeco-Roman Setting. Ed. David W. J. Gill and Conrad Gempf. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1994.

Salway, Benet. “Putting the World in Order: Mapping in Roman Texts.” Pages 193–234 in Ancient Perspectives: Maps and Their Place in Ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece & Rome. Ed. Richard J. A. Talbert. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Schellenberg, Ryan S. “Danger in the Wilderness, Danger at Sea”: Paul and the Perils of Travel.” In Travel and Religion in Antiquity. Ed. Philip A. Harland. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2011.

Spencer, F. Scott. “Paul’s Odyssey in Acts: Status Struggles and Island Adventures.” BTB 28 (1999): 150–59.

Watts, Edward. “Student Travel to Intellectual Centers: What Was the Attraction?” in Travel, Communication and Geography in Late Antiquity: Sacred and Profane. Ed. Linda Ellis and Frank L. Kidner. Taylor and Francis Group, 2004.


Graeco-Roman Religion

Cavanaugh, William T. “The Invention of Religion.” Pages 57–122 in The Myth of Religious Violence: Secular Ideology and the Roots of Modern Conflict. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Cole, Susan Guettel. “Greek Religion.” Pages 266–317 in A Handbook of Ancient Religions. Ed. John R. Hinnels. Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Graf, Fritz. “What is Ancient Mediterranean Religion?” Pages 3–16 in Ancient Religions. Ed. Sarah Iles Johnston. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Gray, Patrick. “Athenian Curiosity (Acts 17.21).” Novum Testamentum 47.2 (2005): 109–16.

Johnson, Luke Timothy. “A Preliminary Profile of Greco-Roman Religion.” Pages 32–49 in Among the Gentiles: Greco-Roman Religion and Christianity. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.

Kauppi, Lynn Allan. “Acts 17.16-34 and Aeschylus’ Eumenides.” Pages 83–92 in Foreign But Familiar Gods: Greco-Romans Read Religion in Acts. New York: T&T Clark, 2006.

Morgan, Teresa. “Living with the Gods in Fables of the Early Roman Empire.” Religion in the Roman Empire 1.3 (2015): 378–402.

Nongbri, Brent. “The Modern Origin of Ancient Religion.” Pages 132–53 in Before Religion: A History of a Modern Concept. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013.

________. “The Concept of Religion and the Study of the Apostle Paul.” JJMJS 2 (2015): 1–26.

North, J. A. “Religions in the Roman Empire.” Pages 318–363 in A Handbook of Ancient Religions. Ed. John R. Hinnels. Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Rieger, Anna-Katharina. “Loose Bonds and Porous Boundaries among Mobile People as Religious Agents in the Greco-Roman Arabian Desert.”Religion in the Roman Empire3.1 (2017): 11–49.

Rüpke, Jörg. “The Role of Texts in Processes of Religious Grouping during the Principate.” Religion in the Roman Empire 2.2 (2016): 170–95.

Winter, Bruce. “On Introducing Gods to Athens: An Alternative Reading of Acts 17:18-20.” Tyndale Bulletin 47.1 (1996): 71–90.


City of Athens

Ancient Athens 3D Reconstructions:

Beard, Mary. “Why the Parthenon might make you cry” and “‘The Temple they call the Parthenon’.” Pages 1–48 in The Parthenon. Revised Edition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2010.

Columbia University; Interactive View of Parthenon Frieze:

Higgins, Michael D., and Reynold Higgins. “Attica.” Pages 26–34 in A Geological Companion to Greece and the Aegean. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996.

McGregor, James. “On the Rock,” “The Acropolis in the Fifth Century,” “On the Perimeter,” and “Hellenistic and Roman Athens.” Pages 1–118 in Athens. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014.

McDonald, William A. “Archaeology and St. Paul’s Journeys in Greek Lands: Athens.”Biblical Archaeologist 4.1 (1941): 1–10.

Pausanias. “Attica: Book 1.1–44,” in Description of Greece. Trans. Jones, W. H. S. and Omerod, H. A. LCL vol. 297. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1918.

Stuttard, David. Parthenon: Power and Politics on the Acropolis. British Museum Press, 2013.

Strabo. “Books VIII–IX, Greece/Attica” in Geography of Strabo. Trans. Jones, W. H. S. LCL vol. 267. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1932.

Traulos, Iōannēs N. Pictorial Dictionary of Ancient Athens. New York: Praeger, 1971.


Understanding Idolatry: Graeco-Roman Statues and the Jews

Avery-Peck, Alan J. “Idolatry in Judaism.”Encyclopedia of Judaism. Brill Online Reference Works.

Curtis, Edward M. “Idol, Idolatry”. Pages 376–81 in Anchor Bible Dictionary, vol. 3.

Eliav, Yaron Z. “The Roman Bath as a Jewish Institution: Another Look at the Encounter Between Judaism and the Graeco-Roman Culture.” Journal for the Study of Judaism 31 (2000): 426­–54.

______. “Roman Statues, Rabbis, and Graeco-Roman Culture.” Pages 99­–115 in Jewish Literatures and Cultures: Context and Intertext. Ed. Anita Norich and Yaron Z. Eliav. Providence RI: Brown University Press, 2008.

______. “Viewing the Sculptural Environment: Shaping the Second Commandment.” Pages in Talmud Jerushalmi and Graeco-Roman Culture III. Ed. Peter Shäfer. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2002.

Elsner, Jaś. “Image and Ritual: Reflections on the Religious Appreciation of Classical Art.”Classical Quarterly 46 (1996): 515–31.

Estienne, Sylvia. “Images.” Pages 379–87 in A Companion to the Archaeology of Religion in the Ancient World.Ed. Rubina Raja and Jörg Rüpke. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 2015.

Gordon, Richard L. “The Real and the Imaginary: Production and Religion in the Graeco-Roman World.” Art History 2 (1979): 5–34.

Hezser, Catherine. “Palestinian Rabbis’ Encounter with Graeco-Roman Paganism: Rabban Gamliel in the Bathouse of Aphrodite in Acco (M. A.Z. 3:4)” in Jewish/Non-Jewish Relations, Between Exclusion and Embrace.

Steiner, Deborah Tarn. “Inside and Out.” Pages 79–134 in Images in Mind: Statues in Archaic and Classical Greek Literature and Thought. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Yadin, Azzan. “Rabban Gamliel, Aphrodite’s Bath, and the Question of Pagan Monotheism.” Jewish Quarterly Review 96 (2006): 149–79.